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10 Most common dog diseases Problems

common dog diseases




common dog diseases

When you become a pet parent, you welcome the good times, as well as the inevitable dog health issues that come up. Taking good care of your puppy can decrease his chances of developing canine diseases, ailments, or illnesses, but common dog health problems can still occur. the common dog diseases problem can help you.

However, the best type of pet parent is an educated pet parent, so with his loving care and knowledge, you can ensure that your dog has a happy and comfortable life.

However, before we dive into our full list of common dog health problems, let's cover some basic signs of a sick dog;


common dog diseases
  • General changes, that is energy level, habits, etc.
  • Urinary or stool changes and frequency
  • Cough
  • Itchy dry skin
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
If these or other signs are present, be sure to see your vet speed up the diagnosis.

Common dog health problems


1. Autoimmune problems - common dog diseases

What are autoimmune problems?
There are a variety of autoimmune diseases that are common health problems in dogs. Canine autoimmune diseases cause a dog's immune system to attack the body's tissues and cells rather than defend them from external infections and diseases. There are multiple autoimmune disorders that affect dogs, including:

  • autoimmune skin diseases
  • autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • immune-mediated polyarthritis
  • immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP)


Autoimmune problems can be fatal for dogs; therefore, your dog will need a veterinarian to make an accurate diagnosis and devise a treatment plan.

To learn more about the top three autoimmune diseases in dogs, read our article Autoimmune Diseases in Dogs: Common Problems, Symptoms, and Treatments


Causes of autoimmune problems
Canine autoimmune disorders and diseases have four main causes: genetics, reactions to vaccines, sulfa antibiotic medications, and disease-carrying ticks. It can be challenging to determine the exact cause of a dog's autoimmune disorder, and veterinarians must analyze blood samples, genetic background, as well as perform X-rays, MRIs, and ultrasounds to diagnose a dog with this condition.


Symptoms of autoimmune problems
Although specific forms of autoimmune diseases have particular symptom associations, some symptoms appear in all types of canine autoimmune disorders. These symptoms are the most common in dogs with this medical problem:


Treatment of autoimmune problems
Autoimmune disorders are treated from multiple angles. Corticosteroid immunosuppressive medications and topical ointments, surgery, blood transfusions, and prednisone are traditional medical options for treating these conditions. Alternative treatments include physical therapy and hydrotherapy, acupuncture and massage, supplements, and dietary changes from unprocessed foods without preservatives, dyes, or chemicals.




2. Broken bones- common dog diseases


What are broken bones?
When a dog's bone breaks, it causes considerable pain and discomfort. It is relatively easy for a dog to break a bone. A dog's front and back legs have three bones that can be broken in many ways for different reasons. These are the ways a dog can break a bone:


Fine fractures, which are small cracks within the bone.

Broken radius bones in front leg (weight-bearing)

Broken bones in the hind legs (shins and thigh bones)

Dislocated bones, especially in the shoulders and elbows.

Open fractures (the skin breaks open and the broken bone is exposed)

Closed fractures (bone fractures but the skin remains intact)


Causes of broken bones
Your dog may suddenly break a bone. Generally, a broken bone occurs when there is some kind of sudden impact or force on the dog's legs or body. For example, your dog may fall or be hit by something large, such as a vehicle. Smaller breeds can even break a leg by jumping up and down in the house. Other causes of bone fractures are sports injuries, genetic health problems, poor diet, inadequate calcium levels, age, exercise or play, and illness.


Symptoms of broken bones
Symptoms of broken bones range from obvious to subtle. The obvious signs of a broken bone will be any type of open fracture accompanied by significant pain and bleeding. For closed fractures, a dog will favor one leg, limp, or refuse to walk. Other symptoms are twisted legs, legs at abnormal angles, bruising, swelling, and vocalization (llwhining, howling, whining).


Broken bones treatment
Broken bones must be stabilized as quickly as possible to prevent infection and further damage. A dog must be transported carefully to an animal hospital as internal injuries will not be apparent to the naked eye. The vet will sedate the dog, order blood tests and IV fluids, a catheter, and X-rays to determine the extent of internal and external injuries.


Severe tears may require surgery, while extreme cases may require the amputation of a limb. Minor breaks and fractures can be placed in a splint or cast.




3. Cancer - common dog diseases


What is cancer?
One of the most common and insidious diseases that dogs may develop is cancer. It is the primary cause of death in dogs over 10 years old and affects 50% of senior dogs. Cancer causes the growth of abnormal cells that typically form tumors or masses and may spread to multiple organs. Types of cancer in dogs are as followed:


  • Mouth and nose cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Testicular
  • Brain tumors
  • Osteosarcoma (bone cancer)
  • Mast cell tumors
  • Hemangiosarcoma (blood vessel cancer)
  • Lymphoma
  • Bladder cancer
  • Squamous cell carcinomas (mouth and nail bed cancer)
  • Mammary carcinoma
  • Malignant histiocytosis (localized lesions)


Causes of canine cancer
The causes of cancer in dogs are still under investigation. Unfortunately, scientists have yet to find the connection between older dogs and higher cancer rates. One theory is that aging causes the canine immune system to weaken, making the cells more susceptible to mutation. Other probable causes include dietary, environmental, and hereditary factors.


Symptoms of cancer
The signs of cancer may vary in dogs depending on the type of cancer they have. However, some symptoms that appear generally in most cancer cases:


Evidence of pain
Bumps and lumps underneath a dog’s skin
Loss of appetite
Abnormal discharge from the ears, eyes, mouth, or rectum
Depression or lethargy
Changes in bathroom behaviors
Sudden weight loss
Abdominal swelling
Difficulty breathing or excessive coughing


Treatment for cancer
Treating a dog's cancer is dependent upon the aggressiveness of cancer itself, as some cancers are more dangerous than others. Dogs with cancer should see a veterinary oncologist who can provide specific treatment for your pup, particularly in diagnosing cancer through ultrasound, biopsy, and urinalysis amongst other procedures. Other treatment therapies include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and immunotherapy.

For more robust information on the causes, symptoms, treatments, treatment costs and preventative measures for canine cancer, be sure to read our condition guides;

Cancer In Dogs: Signs, Types, Causes & Treatments
Histiocytoma in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Costs



4. Canine Distemper - common dog diseases


What is canine distemper?
Canine distemper is a highly contagious dog health problem that severely affects your dogs respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. This virus spreads through the air when infected canines cough or sneeze (nasal discharge), through shared food and water bowls, and through the bloodstream from mother dogs to their puppies. Puppies younger than four months old and unvaccinated dogs are more likely to acquire this disease.


Causes of canine distemper
The cause of this illness is the distemper virus itself. Some places where the distemper virus may spread quickly are public parks, animal shelters, or in unregulated breeding operations and puppy mills.


Symptoms of canine distemper
Canine distemper symptoms vary depending on the stage of the illness. Here are the symptoms based on virus progression:


Early-stage symptoms, affecting the respiratory system
Fever

Sneezing
Coughing
Discharge from nose and eyes
Pneumonia


Second stage symptoms, affecting the gastrointestinal system
Loss of appetite

Diarrhea
Vomiting

Advanced stage symptoms, impacting the nervous system
Stumbling


Depression
Seizures (from involuntary jaw snapping to grand mal)
Paralysis


Treatment of canine distemper
There is no cure for canine distemper virus; However, it can be prevented entirely by having your dog vaccinated yearly to remain immune to the virus.


For more robust information on the causes, symptoms, treatments, treatment costs and preventative measures for canine distemper, be sure tor read our condition guide; Distemper in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments



5. Canine influenza - common dog diseases


What is canine influenza?
The canine influenza virus (CIV) is one of the most contagious respiratory diseases in dogs. First identified in 2004 as an infectious disease in racing greyhounds in Florida, this form of the flu spread rapidly from infected to healthy dogs.


Causes of canine influenza
The causes of canine influenza are two type A viruses: H328 and H2N2. These viruses are of avian origin and differ from the H3N2 virus, which is the seasonal influenza virus. The canine influenza virus is transmitted through respiratory secretions such as nasal secretions, coughs, and sneezes. Because the virus can live for 12 hours on people's skin, 24 hours on clothing, and 48 hours on surfaces, dogs can also develop VSD if they come in contact with contaminated collars and leashes, kennel walls, feeders. and drinking fountains and human clothing. and skin.


Symptoms of canine flu
The symptoms of VSD are varied, but most of the signs appear in different parts of the respiratory system. The most common symptoms of VSD are:

  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Runny nose
  • Cough (dry or wet)
  • Sneezing
  • Reduced appetite
  • Eye discharge
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pneumonia


It is worth noting that some dogs have asymptomatic VSD where they show no signs of disease.


Treatment for canine influenza
Treatment for VSD is supportive. Dogs with VSD should be quarantined in a warm, dry place, away from other dogs. They need a quality diet and plenty of water for the virus to run its course. Most dogs recover from VSD in a few weeks; Dogs with more severe cases developing pneumonia may require hospitalization, medications, antibiotics, and IV fluids.





6. Canine parvovirus - common dog diseases


What is canine parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus (CPV) is an extremely contagious canine health problem that can affect the stomach and small intestine (common cases) or the cardiovascular system (less common). Most cases of parvovirus occur in puppies between six weeks and six months of age. It takes 3 to 10 days after exposure for a dog to show symptoms of this disease.


Causes of canine parvovirus
CPV is caused by a genetic alteration of the original canine parvovirus type 2b. The virus damages intestinal cells and, in puppies, the heart muscle. CPV is transmitted by direct contact with an infected dog or by direct or indirect contact with a dog's feces. Simply sniffing out infected feces or being exposed to traces of CPV brought into the home by shoes that have been in contact with infected feces.


Canine parvovirus symptoms
The earlier your puppy's symptoms are diagnosed, the better his chances of surviving a life-threatening illness. In puppies, the death rate from CPV is 91% compared to 10% in adult dogs. The symptoms of canine parvovirus are:


Lethargy
Anorexy
Intense bloody diarrhea
Vomiting
Fever
General pain and discomfort


Canine parvovirus treatment
There is no cure for canine parvovirus. Supportive treatment is provided by veterinarians who work to prevent secondary infections, control diarrhea and vomiting, and replace fluids and electrolytes. Fecal transplants are a new CPV treatment procedure in which healthy microbiomes replace infected ones.




7. Periodontal Disease

What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal (dental) disease is a bacterial infection of the mouth. It has four stages ranging from the existence of plaque to severe disease resulting in tooth and bone loss. Nearly 80% of dogs have some form of dental disease by the age of two. Untreated dental disease can lead to other dog health issues.


Causes of dental disease
Dental disease begins with the development of plaque on a dog’s teeth which causes gum disease and bad breath. Plaque growth leads to gingivitis, accompanied by redness, swelling, and inflammation of the gums. Left untreated, an infection can set in and lead to severe pain, damage to tissue and gums, and tooth loss. Dogs with periodontal disease are more likely to develop heart disease and organ damage from bacteria constantly entering the bloodstream and traveling to the heart.


Symptoms of dental disease
There are a variety of signs that may indicate your dog has oral health problems, and may already have some dental disease. Look for these symptoms of dental disease in your dog:


Sore mouth
Bleeding gums
Rubbing or pawing at the mouth
Dribbling
Yellow or brown tartar on the teeth
Loose teeth
Tooth loss


Treatment of dental disease
Treatment of periodontal disease starts with prevention. Annual oral exams by a veterinarian can prevent or catch dental disease in its earliest stage. Regular cleanings, while the dog is under standard anesthesia, can correct and reverse dental disease if it is still in the early stages. Brushing your dog’s teeth weekly and feeding your dog a specially formulated, nutritious pet food are other types of treatment for periodontal disease.


For more robust information on the causes, symptoms, treatments, treatment costs and preventative measures for canine periodontal disease, be sure tor read our condition guide; Periodontal Disease in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention





8. Diabetes


What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a growing epidemic, especially amongst older dogs. This condition occurs when a dog’s body creates too little insulin, making it impossible for control of the sugar levels in the bloodstream or has an abnormal response to insulin. This metabolic disease can also impact a dog's eyesight and affect her overall quality of life.


Causes of diabetes
It’s not certain what causes diabetes in dogs, although researchers believe that some dogs are genetically predisposed. Obesity also increases a dog's chance of developing diabetes.


Symptoms of diabetes
The signs of diabetes are relatively easy to identify. Here are the symptoms to look for if you suspect your dog has this disease:


Excessive urination
Cataracts and cloudy eyes
Lackluster skin and coat
Abnormal thirst
Increase in appetite
Deteriorated vision
Sudden weight loss (despite regular eating habits)
Urinary tract infection
"Sweet-smelling" breath


Treatment of diabetes
While there is no cure for diabetes, it can be managed with careful ongoing treatment so that your dog can live a full, happy life. Treatment involves these steps:


Regular insulin shots twice a day

A specially designed diabetes-friendly diet
Monitoring your dog for any changes
Regular visits to the veterinarian




9. Diarrhea - common dog diseases

What is diarrhea?
A common condition in dogs, diarrhea happens when unabsorbed nutrients draw water or retain water in the intestines. Abnormal and loose stools are the result, and sometimes they include blood or mucus. There are two kinds of diarrhea: acute (occurs suddenly) and chronic (happens over weeks to months).


Causes of diarrhea
There are multiple causes of both acute and chronic diarrhea. Here are the causes of this condition:

Viral or bacterial infection (acute and chronic)
Stress (acute and chronic)
Parasites (acute and chronic)
Dietary changes or indiscretion (acute)
Medications (acute and chronic)
Exercise intolerance (acute)
Metabolic diseases (acute and chronic)
Intestinal cancer (chronic)
Ingestion of spoiled foods or foreign objects (acute)
Pancreatitis (chronic)


Symptoms of diarrhea
Diarrhea ranges from mild to severe, and severe cases can be fatal. Signs of diarrhea are as follows:


Loose and watery stools
Weight loss
Vomiting
Abdominal pain
Weight loss


Treatment of diarrhea
Diarrhea can be treated with a series of steps. First, continue to feed your dog according to your veterinarian’s instructions. Nutrition is an important step in letting your dog’s intestines begin to heal. Next, change your dog’s diet by switching to a low-fat, bland diet with limited ingredients. Feed multiple small meals to your dog during this time. Finally, speak with a veterinarian about probiotics and prebiotics to give your dog to repopulate her gut’s healthy bacteria levels.


For more robust information on the causes, symptoms, treatments, treatment costs, and preventative measures for canine diarrhea, be sure to read our condition guide; Diarrhea in Dogs: Causes, Treatment & Prevention





10. Ear infections- common dog diseases


What are ear infections?
Canine ear infections in the outer ear indicate an inflammation of the outer ear canal. Infections can also occur in the inner or middle ear. The infection causes significant pain and discomfort and, in severe situations, hearing loss.


Causes of ear infections
Ear infections have many causes. Most ear infections are due to bacteria and fungi trapped inside the ear. Other causes of infection include allergies to the environment or diet, ear mites, wax buildup, or hypothyroid disease. Dogs that have floppy ears or are prone to allergies are at the highest risk of developing ear infections.


Symptoms of ear infections.
Dogs with ear infections often feel pain and discomfort. Those feelings often manifest as signs of infection, including:

  • Offensive odor coming from the ears.
  • Redness and inflammation.
  • Constantly scratching or kicking their ears
  • Walking in circles
  • Yellowish or brown discharge
  • Whine
  • Shaking and bowing the head
  • Loss of balance
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Hearing loss


Treatment of ear infections
Veterinarians treat canine ear infections with approved medications such as gentamicin and tobramycin. In cases of severe infection, your dog may need sedation for deep cleaning of the ears. Regular cleaning with an ear cleaner can help prevent a dog's ear infections from developing.



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